Characterization of Hydrophobic Silane Film Deposited on AISI 304 Stainless Steel for Corrosion Protection

E. T. Akinlabi, A. D. Baruwa, O. P. Oladijo, N. Maledi, J. Chinn

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3 Citations (Scopus)


This present study was conducted to determine the aptitude of hydrophobic silane coating in corrosion resistance of AISI 304 stainless steel substrate at the nanoscale. Three newly developed hydrophobic silane-based compounds of compositions, namely [tris(trimethylsiloxy)silyethyl]dimethylchlorosilane (alkyl); tridecafloro-1,1,2,2-tetrahydrooctyltrichlorosilane (FOTS); and henicosyl-1,1,2,2-tetrahydrododecyltricholrosilane (FDDTS), were used as precursors to coat AISI 304 stainless steel surfaces. Prior to deposition, the substrate surfaces were pretreated with plasma oxide via a multi-step treatment to serve as adhesion. The plasma oxide and the silane precursors were deposited by using a hybrid atomic layer deposition and chemical vapor deposition process. The structural, chemical and electrochemical stabilities were investigated using SEM, AFM, XRD, ATR-FTIR, potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results showed that the microstructures and morphology of the coated samples were similar, due to the chlorosilane functionalization. The FTIR indicated complete hydrolysis at the nanoscale while the polarization results showed that nano-coating can hamper the corrosion propagation mechanisms. Furthermore, the EIS results revealed that all the precursors acted as a barrier to AISI 304 dissolution into the electrolyte. The electrochemical effect was observed in the microstructural transformation of the coatings. Although all the precursors were shown to have been effective at few nanoscales, the stability of the FDDTS showed to have superseded that of alkyl and FOTS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6330-6339
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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