Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks: Design And Modeling

Hussaini Habibu, Adamu Murtala Zungeru, Ajagun Abimbola Susan, Ijemaru Gerald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Wireless sensor nodes are usually deployed in not easily accessible places to provide solution to a wide
range of application such as environmental, medical and structural monitoring. They are spatially distributed and as a result are usually powered from batteries. Due to the limitation in providing power with batteries, which must be manually replaced when they are depleted, and location constraints in wireless sensor network causes a major setback on performance and lifetime of WSNs. This difficulty in
battery replacement and cost led to a growing interest in energy harvesting. The current practice in energy harvesting for sensor networks is based on practical and simulation approach. The evaluation and validation of the WSN systems is mostly done using simulation and practical implementation. Simulation is
widely used especially for its great advantage in evaluating network systems. Its disadvantages such as the
long time taken to simulate and not being economical as it implements data without proper analysis of all
that is involved ,wasting useful resources cannot be ignored. In most times, the energy scavenged is directly wired to the sensor nodes. We, therefore, argue that simulation – based and practical implementation of WSN energy harvesting system should be further strengthened through mathematical analysis and design procedures. In this work, we designed and modeled the energy harvesting system for wireless sensor nodes
based on the input and output parameters of the energy sources and sensor nodes. We also introduced the use of supercapacitor as buffer and intermittent source for the sensor node. The model was further tested in a Matlab environment, and found to yield a very good approach for system design.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-31
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Wireless & Mobile Networks
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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