High absorptance and low emittance AR-coated Ni-Al2O3solar absorbers

T. Stephen Sathiaraj, R. Thangaraj, O. P. Agnihotri

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Ni-Al2O3films of various compositions have been deposited by planar magnetron-assisted RF sputtering. The cermet films were deposited by sputtering Ni-Al2O3targets containing 32.5 wt.% and 61.6 wt.% nickel. To increase the wt.% of nickel above 61.6, additional nickel pellets distributed uniformly on the target were co-sputtered along with the target containing 61.6 wt.% nickel. The increase in wt.% depends ipon the number of nickel pellets. Al2O3and SiO2have been used as AR coatings and have been found to give similar results. Al2O3was sputter deposited from a powder target and SiO2was sputter deposited from a hot pressed target. The composition of nickel in the cermet films was found out by the EDAX technique. ESCA was used to analyse the nature of nickel and aluminium oxide. A molybdenum or nickel backing layer was used as a high reflecting coating. A 650 AA cermet film containing 0.61 volume fraction of nickel and AR coated with 780 AA Al2O3or SiO2on a nickel-backed glass substrate gives an absorptance of 0.94 (AM 1.5 solar spectrum) and an emittance of 0.07 (at 100 degrees C).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-254
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 14 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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