Investigation of loops and paths as optimization tools for total annual cost in heat exchanger networks

B. U. Ogbonnaya, O. S. Azeez, H. F. Akande, E. Muzenda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This research investigates the effectiveness of loops and paths as embedded in a modified pinch package (Aspen Energy Analyzer), that comprises a blend of traditional pinch technique with mathematical programming, in simultaneous optimization of total annual cost (TAC) in heat exchanger network synthesis (HENS). It uses composite curves, grand composites curves, supertargeting and looping system just as in pinch, as well as linear programming and mixed integer linear programming (MILP) in the design of HENs. The tool was adopted in solving some literature problems that had earlier been solved using pinch and mathematical programming techniques. The results obtained compared well with those of various authors that used different techniques as shown in the tables of cost comparison in this paper. The loop and path optimization technique adopted in this research obtained the least TAC in four out of five problems solved in this paper. This shows that loop and path optimization as available in a software-combining pinch and mathematical programming can be more effective than various other methods that have been adopted in the literature. It further demonstrated that no particular technique can return the lowest TAC for all HENS problems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Energy(all)


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