Land change dynamics: insights from Intensity Analysis applied to an African emerging city

Felicia O. Akinyemi, Robert Gilmore Pontius, Ademola K. Braimoh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Land change in Kigali, Rwanda, is examined using Intensity Analysis, which measures the temporal stationarity of changes among categories. Maps for 1981, 2002 and 2014 were produced that show the land categories Built, Vegetated and Other, which is composed mainly of croplands and bare surfaces. Land change accelerated from the first time interval (1981–2002) to the second time interval (2002–2014), as increased human and economic activities drove land transformation. During the first interval, Vegetated showed net loss whereas Built showed net gain, in spite of a small transition directly from Vegetated to Built. During the second interval, Vegetated showed net gain whereas Built showed nearly equal amounts of gross loss and gross gain. The gain of Built targeted Other during both time intervals. A substantial portion of overall change during both time intervals consisted of simultaneous transitions from Vegetated to Other in some locations and from Other to Vegetated in other locations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-83
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Spatial Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • General Energy
  • Atmospheric Science


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