Performance characterization of metallic substrates coated by HVOF WC-Co

Andrew M. Venter, O. Philip Oladijo, Vladimir Luzin, Lesley A. Cornish, Natasha Sacks

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26 Citations (Scopus)


Integral to the performance of high-velocity oxygen-fuel (HVOF) coatings is the thermo-mechanical interaction associated with the thermal misfit, or differences in thermal expansion coefficients (CTEs), between coating and substrate. This investigation reports results on the microstructures, chemical phase content, coating-substrate misfit residual stress, and wear resistance. For this purpose a systematic characterization of WC-Co sprayed coatings on a number of substrates covering a range of CTE values were pursued for both the as-coated and heat-treated conditions. The neutron diffraction technique in conjunction with sub-millimeter sized gauge volumes enabled depth-resolved studies of the stress in the coatings and substrates by paying special attention to the determination of the stress contribution attributed by the final spray process. In the as-coated condition the stress values in the coatings were compressive for CTEs larger than that of WC-Co and tensile for CTE lower than WC-Co. Wear resistance increased for increased compressive stress and macrohardness. In the heat-treated condition, this trend became enhanced due to increased compressive stress in the coatings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-339
Number of pages10
JournalThin Solid Films
Publication statusPublished - Dec 31 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces


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