Power shaping control of DC–DC converters with constant power loads

J. C. Mayo-Maldonado, O. F. Ruiz-Martinez, G. Escobar, T. M. Maupong, J. E. Valdez-Resendiz, J. C. Rosas-Caro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper deals with the stabilization of DC–DC converters feeding constant power loads (CPLs). It is shown that power/energy dynamics are easily computed via the image of the input/output voltages/currents of the converter. Such image is represented by a high-order differential operator, obtained from first principles, acting on the variables of a stabilizing interconnected controller. This approach is based upon the premise that the destabilizing effect of CPLs, is caused due to a power imbalance in a dissipation equality, which prevents passivity. The proposed stabilizing mechanism shapes the power dynamics via an interconnected controller, inducing a feasible power flow and thus passivity. To do so, we developed a stability test, as well as control design tools in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs), constructed from coefficient matrices of the system dynamics. As a practical advantage, the proposed power shaping approach permits to link stability conditions with the nominal power rate specification of power converters. Finally, we show that the proposed framework can also accommodate other traditional frequency domain, eigenvalue and immittance criteria. The main results are validated via a theoretical analysis and experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104639
Number of pages11
JournalControl Engineering Practice
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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